Is Armenia’s Democracy under threat?

The November 2020 ceasefire that followed the Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan has fuelled political unrest. Mass rallies across Armenia have seen calls for the resignation of Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, as well as the head of the Karabakh Administration, Arayik Harutyunyan.

The country’s leadership has made the case that there was little choice but to sign the Russian-brokered ceasefire agreement, ending a costly 44-day war that devastated Armenia in terms of human casualties, loss of territory and cultural heritage.

The country appears to be in disarray, with an economic meltdown compounded by the advent of a refugee crisis.

Ceasefire and instability

Armenia’s new territorial status quo changes the former reality on the ground which had formed from a Russian-brokered ceasefire in 1994. President Putin has urged Armenia to accept the new reality and work towards restoring the rule of law.

The government is under enormous pressure from the powerful Armenian Diaspora, which is a political force to be reckoned with, stretching from the United States to France, Lebanon, and Russia. For the Diaspora, this is not merely a conflict with Azerbaijan but a second confrontation with Turkey. At this point relations with the Diaspora can make or break any government in Armenia, politically and economically.

To make sense of domestic developments in Armenia, Tactics Institute talks to a member of the Armenian Diaspora, George Meneshian about Diaspora politics, the role of Armenian geography as the sole determinant in its foreign policy as well as the chances of a military coup .

Mr Meneshian is a political consultant and a postgraduate student at the University of St Andrews (Middle East, Caucasus and Central Asia Security Studies). He holds a BA in European Area Studies from Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences and is a research associate at the Institute of International Relations, He is a frequent contributor for the online European magazine ‘Libertas’.

Share this page:

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on email

Related content

Who is ISIS-K?

Who is ISIS-K?

During a frantic troop withdrawal, an attack on Kabul airport in August that killed at least 190 Afghan civilians and 13 US service personnel – the deadliest day for the…
What impact does the return of the Taliban to power in Afghanistan have on the west?

What impact does the return of the Taliban to power in Afghanistan have on the west?

The return of the Taliban to power in Afghanistan followed the withdrawal of the remaining US and British troops operating under the NATO banner. The US started their recent withdrawal…
Russia, China and Iran step in to fill void left by Nato’s withdrawal from Afghanistan

Russia, China and Iran step in to fill void left by Nato’s withdrawal from Afghanistan

In early July 2021, US forces in Afghanistan did a remarkable thing. They disappeared. Furtively, they slipped away from their last major outpost of Bagram airbase, cutting the power and…